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Below are the 11 most recent journal entries recorded in lovipenli's InsaneJournal:

    Monday, March 25th, 2013
    8:58 pm
    Education Writers Association honors 2 Post reporters
    Photojournalist Jim google sniper review documents a team of space scientists google sniper are using the Utah desert as a dry run for future missions to Mars After a quarter such as the past one, when equity markets worldwide climbed to multiyear highs, dropped like a stone and then bounced, what's a small investor to do?Your images of packed lunches made for school children across the UK.Guardian readers Charles Lloyd, the saxophonist, performed at the Temple of

    Dendur in the Metropolitan Museum on his 75th birthday.
    Federal Reserve officials voted Wednesday to continue pumping money into the economy and keep interest rates near zero as they wrapped up their regular policy-making meeting amid fresh signs that their massive stimulus effort is gaining traction. Read full article >> WASHINGTON - Higher oil and food prices. Unemployment near 9 percent. Crises in the Middle East

    and Japan.
    Bird's feather coat gets colder

    than the surrounding air A

    new musical centered around Carole King's life and career is set for a spring 2014 opening on
    8:56 pm
    Airlines whipsawed by costly fuel, Japan disaster
    Bringing penny stock egghead review concept of an “artificial leaf” google sniper review to reality, a team of researchers at MIT has

    published a detailed analysis of all the factors that could limit the efficiency of such a system. The new analysis lays out a roadmap for a research program to improve the efficiency of these systems, and could quickly lead to the production of a practical, inexpensive and commercially viable prototype.Such a system would use sunlight to produce a storable fuel, such as hydrogen, instead of electricity for immediate use. This fuel could then be used on demand to generate electricity through a fuel cell or other device. This process

    would liberate

    solar energy for use when the sun isn’t shining, and open up a host of potential new applications.The
    new work is described in a paper this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences by associate professor of mechanical engineering Tonio Buonassisi, former MIT professor Daniel Nocera (now at Harvard University), MIT postdoc Mark Winkler (now at IBM) and former MIT graduate student Casandra Cox (now at Harvard). It follows up on 2011 research that produced a “proof of concept” of an artificial leaf — a small device that, when placed in a container of water and exposed to

    sunlight, would produce bubbles of hydrogen and oxygen.The
    device combines two technologies: a standard silicon solar cell, which converts sunlight into electricity, and chemical catalysts applied to each side of the cell. Together, these

    would create an electrochemical device that uses an electric current to split atoms of hydrogen and oxygen from the water molecules surrounding them.The goal is to produce an inexpensive, self-contained system that could be built

    from abundant materials. Nocera has long advocated such devices as a means of bringing electricity to billions of people, mostly in the developing world, who now have

    little or no access to it.“What’s
    significant is that this paper really describes all this technology that is known, and what to expect if we put it all together,” Cox says.
    “It points out all the challenges, and then you can experimentally address each challenge separately.”Winkler
    adds that this is a “pretty robust analysis that looked at what’s the best you could do with market-ready technology.”The
    original demonstration leaf, in 2011, had low efficiencies, converting less than 4.7
    percent

    of sunlight into fuel, Buonassisi says. But the team’s new analysis shows that efficiencies of 16 percent or more should now be possible using single-bandgap semiconductors, such as crystalline silicon.“We
    were surprised, actually,” Winkler says: Conventional wisdom held that the characteristics of silicon solar cells would severely limit their effectiveness in splitting water, but that turned out not to be the case.
    “You’ve just got to question the conventional wisdom sometimes,” he says.The
    key to obtaining high solar-to-fuel efficiencies is to combine the right solar cells and catalyst — a matchmaking activity best guided by a roadmap. The approach presented by the team allows for each component of the artificial leaf to be tested individually, then combined.The voltage produced by a standard silicon solar cell,

    about 0.7
    volts, is insufficient to power the water-splitting reaction, which needs more than 1.2
    volts. One solution is to pair multiple solar cells in series.
    While this leads to some losses at the interface between the cells, it is a promising direction for the research, Buonassisi says. An additional source of inefficiency is the water itself — the pathway that the electrons must traverse to complete

    the electrical circuit —

    which has resistance to the electrons, Buonassisi says.
    So another way to improve efficiency would be to lower that resistance, perhaps by reducing the distance that ions must travel through the liquid.“The solution resistance

    is challenging,” Cox says. But, she adds, there are “some tricks” that might help to reduce that resistance, such as reducing the distance between the two sides of the reaction by using interleaved plates.“In
    our simulations, we have a framework to determine the limits of efficiency” that are possible with such a system, Buonassisi says. For a system based on conventional silicon solar cells, he says, that limit is about 16 percent;

    for gallium arsenide cells, a widely touted alternative, the limit rises to 18 percent.Models to determine the theoretical limits of a given system often lead researchers to pursue the development of new systems that approach those limits, Buonassisi says. “It’s usually from these kinds of models that someone gets the courage to go ahead and make the improvements,” he says.“Some of the most impactful papers are

    ones that identify a performance limit,” Buonassisi says.
    But, he adds, there’s a “dose of humility” in looking back at some earlier projections for the limits of solar-cell efficiency: Some of those predicted “limits” have already been exceeded, he says.
    “We don’t always get it right,” Buonassisi says, but such an analysis “lays a roadmap for development and identifies a few ‘levers’ that can be worked on.”James Barber, the Ernst Chain Professor of Biochemistry at

    Imperial College London,

    who was not connected with this work, says, “It is generally agreed that for an effective technology to emerge, the efficiency of the device must be 10 percent or more.” The MIT team’s work suggests such devices “can provide efficiencies as high as 15 percent.
    This level of energy conversion is considered very good and practical.”Barber adds that a next step, demonstrating these improvements in a functioning device, is crucial: “It is very important to construct a working system which has a large

    surface area and operates with solar energy under open field conditions for a long period of time, as is done with the testing of solar cells.”
    If this can be achieved, he says, “the construction of robust and efficient solar-driven modules which produce hydrogen from water on a large industrial scale would have considerable impact on human society.”The
    work was supported by the National Science Foundation, the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, the Singapore National Research Foundation through the Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology, and the Chesonis Family Foundation.
    Voters in this shattered country will go to the polls Sunday to choose Haiti's next president. The first round of balloting in November was a disaster that led to rioting.
    Things are supposed to be smoother this time around.Analyzing the DNA of dangerous butterflies who copy other unpalatable species, scientists have found that some shared color-controlling genes, signaling past interbreeding. A key Republican senator on Tuesday dampened the Obama administration's hopes of passing a nuclear treaty with Russia by year's end, saying the Senate should not consider the pact during the congressional lame-duck session.
    Security researchers warn that cybercriminals have started using Java exploits signed with digital certificates to trick users into allowing the malicious code to run inside browsers. Many new computers should come with a version of the usual consumer warning: Some

    disassembly required.
    Some recommended reading to learn more about the search for the Higgs boson. To understand how an electrically powered system might waste little energy while running, the researchers first looked at general sources of energy loss in running robots.
    They found that most wasted energy comes from three sources: heat given off by a motor; energy dissipated through mechanical transmission, such as losses to friction through multiple gear trains; and inefficient control,

    such as energy lost through a heavy-footed step, as opposed

    to a smoother and more gentle gait. The group then came up with design principles to minimize such energy waste. To combat heat loss from motors, the group proposed a high-torque-density motor — a motor that produces a significant amount of torque at a

    given weight and heat production.
    The team analyzed the relationship between motor size and torque, and designed custom motors that

    exceed the torque performance of commercially available electric motors.  The team found that such high-torque motors require fewer gears — a characteristic that would improve efficiency even more, as there would be less machinery through which energy could dissipate.
    Many researchers have used springs and dampers in series with motors to protect the robot from forceful impacts during locomotion, but it’s difficult to control a spring’s stiffness and damping ratio — which can be a problem if a robot has to traverse disparate surfaces, such as asphalt and sand. 
    “With our system, we can make our robotic leg behave like a spring or damper without having physical springs, dampers or force sensors,” Kim says.
    8:54 pm
    David Knopf, Edwin Marrero — Weddings
    Advertising google sniper Europe: Frank Abagnale, portrayed penny stock egghead Spielberg's Catch

    Me if You Can, and now an FBI security expert, warns of danger to childrenFrank Abagnale, the man dubbed the world's greatest conman, has issued a stark warning about the dangers of identity theft and children using Facebook.Abagnale,
    portrayed

    by Leonardo DiCaprio in Steven Spielberg's film Catch Me If You Can, said that children in particular need to be made aware of the serious risks of unwittingly revealing information

    on social networking sites.He
    has nearly 40 years experience as a security expert for US law enforcement agencies, having switched sides when he was eventually caught by the FBI after spending half his teenage years on the run as a confidence trickster, imposter,

    cheque forger and escape artist in the 1960s."I'm not on it [Facebook, but] I have no problem with it," he said, addressing the Advertising Week Europe conference in London on Wednesday. "I have three sons on it.
    I totally

    understand why people like it.
    But like every technology you have to teach children, it is an obligation of society to teach them how to

    use it carefully."He
    said having accrued 37 years' work with the FBI he has also become aware of many widely available techniques to gather dangerous amounts of personal data from Facebook.He
    gave the example of a creeper virus that allows the tracking of a Facebook

    user even if their phone

    is not transmitting.Another
    readily available programme, which Abagnale said is owned by

    Google, uses facial recognition that can match an individual with their personal information on the social networking website "in just seven seconds"."If
    you tell me your date of birth and where you're born [on Facebook] I'm 98% [of the way] to stealing your identity," he said.
    "Never state your date of birth and where you were born [on personal profiles], otherwise you are saying 'come and steal my identity'."He also advised Facebook users to never choose a passport-style

    photograph as a profile picture, and instead use group photographs.Abagnale, who uses a document shredder so he knows that even the FBI cannot reassemble the paper, also warned about the dangers of the seemingly innocuous details given away by users who "like" Facebook postings."What [people] say on a Facebook page stays with them," he

    said.
    "Every time you say you 'like' or 'don't like' you are telling someone [things like] your sexual orientation, ethnic background, voting record."He
    said he has a "tremendous amount of respect" for the UK's privacy

    laws, which are "way ahead" of

    the US.Abagnale
    said that while it was common to see companies such as Facebook being criticised for privacy issues in the media, it is up to people to take action to keep their data private."Your
    privacy is the only thing you have left," he said. "Don't

    blame all the other companies – Google, Facebook – you control it.
    You have to keep control of your own information."Between the ages of 16 and 21 Abagnale claims to have impersonated airline pilots, a doctor and a lawyer while forging and cashing $2.5m
    in cheques and employing other confidence scams.
    However, he has admitted in the past that his co-writer

    on the book Catch Me If You Can,

    on which the DiCaprio film was based, "over dramatised and exaggerated" some of his exploits.The
    64-year-old, who said he has voluntarily paid back every penny he gained illegally, added that airline Pan Am estimates he flew more than a million miles for free on 250 aircraft to 26 countries during his teenage crime spree.He said that counter-intuitively the rise of technology has made it harder, not easier, for law enforcement.
    "What I did 40 years ago as a teenage boy is 4,000 times easier now," he said. "Technology breeds crime."He gave the example of creating a fake British Airways cheque which in his time required finding a $1m printing press the size of an auditorium and three

    operators. He managed this himself with scaffolding."Today
    one

    simply opens a laptop,"

    he said. "Each time we add technology it makes it a little easier for criminals. I would have thought technology would have made it harder to do what I did."He also lamented the rise of an iPhone generation of children who have come to rely on technology and have lost the ability to be resourceful in a more traditional way."It
    is unfortunate today that many young children are not resourceful," he said.
    "If you took a child in London and took their iPhone and took them somewhere else in the country they'd probably not be able to

    find their way back. That's a shame."He added that he avoids the trappings of fame – books, a current TV series, a broadway musical and dozens of offers to

    front shows and make guest appearances – and has perhaps surprisingly not benefited from

    royalties or fees due

    to restrictions of his FBI contract.Abagnale
    said he had "nothing to do with the film Catch Me If You Can but was happy Steven Spielberg recreated a relatively realistic version of his life, despite some factual errors. His father, portrayed in the film by Christopher Walken, in fact died while Abagnale was in jail in France aged 21.
    He did not see him again after he ran away

    from home after his parents divorced when he was 16.Despite
    the glamorous image built up around his past, the 64-year old admitted remorse for his actions."I
    always knew I would get caught.
    Only a fool would think otherwise. The law sometimes sleeps, it never dies. Some say you were brilliant, a genius, I was neither, I was a child.
    If I had been brilliant or a genius I wouldn't have needed to break the law just to survive.
    I've had to live with it the rest of my life".Abagnale said he has turned down three

    pardons from three different US presidents."I
    do not believe, nor will ever believe a piece of paper

    will excuse my actions. Only my actions will."• To contact the MediaGuardian news desk email editor@mediaguardian.co.uk or phone

    020 3353 3857.
    For all other inquiries please call

    the main Guardian switchboard on 020 3353 2000. If you are writing a comment for publication, please mark clearly "for publication".• To get the latest media news to your desktop or mobile, follow MediaGuardian on Twitter and FacebookAdvertising Week EuropeFacebookInternetSocial networkingIdentity fraudScamsConsumer affairsUnited StatesMark Sweneyguardian.co.uk
    © 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds In 2010, three years before he became Pope Francis, Cardinal Jorge Bergoglio sat down with prosecutors and human rights lawyers in his office to give formal testimony about his role during Argentina's "dirty war." The internal conflict had killed thousands of civilians from 1976 to 1983, but was, and is, still only partially resolved.
    The Catholic Church,

    a powerful institution in Argentina, has long been accused of working with the right-wing military regime.

    It

    was probably only a matter of time until someone in Argentina asked about Bergolgio's role.
    Read full article >>In June, President Obama tapped lawyer Kenneth R.
    Feinberg, 64, to oversee the $20 billion account funded by

    BP to compensate

    victims of the Gulf Coast oil spill, making him the nation's most famous mediator.
    Springtime fitness tip of the day: Go sit at your computer.
    Outside, the bombs went off.
    Inside, we toasted the queen. Academic scientists are

    challenging the Obama administration's assertion that most of BP's oil in the Gulf of Mexico is either gone or rapidly disappearing -- with one group Thursday announcing the discovery of a 22-mile "plume" of oil that shows little sign

    of vanishing.
    DETROIT -- United Auto Workers President Bob King on Tuesday criticized the nearly $60 million in stock awards given to Ford CEO Alan Mulally earlier this month. Government troops attack pro-democracy demonstrators in defiance of U.S.
    8:52 pm
    As offshore drilling moratorium nears an end, questions about what's next
    Rafe google sniper until recently Iraq’s finance minister and one penny stock egghead review the highest-ranking Sunni politicians, is now on the run from the Shiite-led government.
    OTTAWA - Defense Secretary Robert M.
    Gates said the Pentagon is facing a spending "crisis" and could be forced to make immediate cuts in training and operations because Congress has failed to approve a final budget for the military this year.A look at exhibitions across the city during Asia Week New York. Eric M. Westbury Sr.,
    a financial executive accused in 2006 of defrauding the District of Columbia over funds earmarked for charter schools, has agreed to pay a $130,000 penalty to the federal government. MINNEAPOLIS -- Northwest Airlines Corp. is emerging from Chapter 11 a little smaller, a lot more efficient, and with some of the lowest costs among the major carriers. A privacy group filed a class-action lawsuit on Thursday seeking to halt what it describes as

    illegal surveillance of Americans’ telephone and Internet traffic.
    Post reporter Keith L. Alexander

    bids goodbye to the air travel industry beat with some recollections and parting observations. HARTFORD, Conn. -- United Technologies Corp. on Thursday raised the lower end of its profit guidance for 2011, saying

    businesses such as elevators, commercial plane spare parts and heating and air conditioning systems are doing well in the economic
    8:49 pm
    Siberia’s Earlier Brush With an Object From Space
    Pakistan's nuclear arsenal now penny stock egghead more than 100 deployed penny stock egghead review a doubling of

    its stockpile over the past several years in one of the world's most unstable regions, according to estimates by nongovernment analysts. Reuters notes staff and funding from the study, published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, came from Procter and Gamble -- a company that makes mouthwash.Looking
    for this week's Class Struggle? You can find it on Jay's new blog at washingtonpost.com/class-struggle. Is the Tea Party going all cruise-y? "ENLIST NOW to be on board with the most freedom-embracing and liberty-loving navy at sea: the WND Navy and the Tea Party at Sea!" is the online come-hither for an eight-day Caribbean cruise in September, sponsored by the conservative publishing site WorldNet... Roughly two million pieces of

    luggage disappear, arrive late, become damaged or experience theft every year. Here’s how to deal with the airlines if it happens to you.
    The holy grail of customer satisfaction as well as an artistic taboo, the happy ending can be played out in many ways. Which films would you add to this list?This week Clip joint is from John Carvill, who previously

    wrote on

    subjects as varied as taking the train and 'meet cutes'. If you've got an idea for a future clip joint, email adam.boult@guardian.co.uk.During a key scene in The

    Player, Robert Altman's shrewdly meta-fictional Hollywood movie about how Hollywood makes movies, studio executive Griffin Mill (Tim Robbins) languidly enumerates to June Gudmundsdottir (Greta Scacchi), the elements a script needs if it is to become one of the dozen or so per year that Griffin's studio can green light for production: "Suspense, laughter, violence … hope, heart … nudity, sex … happy endings." Griffin pauses, then concludes: "Mainly happy endings."Happy endings, being both a holy grail of customer satisfaction and something of an

    artistic taboo, strike at the neurotic heart of Hollywood's conflicted relationship with itself.
    Mainstream audiences are said to crave upbeat denouements. On the other hand, to impose an incongruously cheerful climax is seen by critics, film buffs, and many within the business as an act of cultural vandalism. Hollywood has always had the thinnest of skins, forever alert to accusations of artistic vacuity, moral decay and crass commercialism; yet the industry remains addicted to the lamentable habit of taking a classic from literature and defiling it by grafting on a gloopy happy ending – a trait which is seen by some as emblematic of the artistic inferiority of cinema as compared with other, older art forms. It would be easy to quickly compile a long list of Hollywood's most anodyne finales; instead, let's conclude that it's better to look on the bright side, with some examples of Hollywood getting the happy ending just right.1.
    The Wizard of OzIf trying to explain Hollywood – or, for that matter, America itself – to a recently landed alien, this oneiric masterpiece would surely be one of your first selections. The "waking up safe back home" ending offers a perfect encapsulation

    of the Dream

    Factory's core appeal. Reading on mobile? Click here to watch the clip on YouTube2. To Have and Have

    NotBogart never smiled (on screen) in quite the same way we seem him smiling here. His happiness is understandable: he's defeated the Nazis, his bar bills have been paid and Lauren Bacall wants to shimmy off into the sunset with him. This being a Howard Hawks movie, Bogie doesn't abandon his sidekick, Walter Brennan, who's there to carry the luggage.Reading on mobile? Click here to watch the clip on YouTube3. The Strawberry BlondeJames Cagney loses Rita Hayworth – and half his life – to villainous Jack Carson, but he still ends up happy.
    A combination of the joys of amateur dentistry and the charms of Olivia de Havilland help him to keep depression at bay. Watch from 1h28mReading on mobile? Click here to watch the clip on YouTube4.
    The Breakfast ClubLike a great pop song, John Hughes's exquisite 80s classic has the ability to make you feel – simultaneously – deliriously happy and ineluctably melancholy. Bender's final-shot air punch speaks volumes for a generation who were, as the film's David Bowie epigram attested, quite aware of what they were going through.Reading
    on mobile? Click here to

    watch the clip on YouTube5. It Happened One NightWho could be unhappy with this ending? If there's anything better than ending with a happy wedding, it's ending an unhappy wedding with the bride finding happiness elsewhere.
    Gable and Colbert are as stellar as stars ever

    got; but

    Walter Connolly

    gets the best lines, and the last word.Watch from 1h 34mReading on mobile? Click here to watch the clip on YouTubeClip joint's readers really plumbed the depths in last week's threads on ghettos. Here are John's five favourite slumming tips:1.
    helenf888 got into that carnivorous ghetto rythym, with Delicatessen2.
    secretcinema gave us Bogart at his early, gutter-crawling, mother-alienating best in Dead End3. FreakyChucker1 got all Yorkshire

    on our asses, with Monty Python's subtle stereotyping of Protestant and Catholic sperm dispersal habits, in The Meaning of Life4. Benjamin86 brought us a touch of continental class, taking us to the parts of Paris few tourists have near the top of their "must see" lists, in La Haine5.
    The winner had to be secretcinema (yes, again) if only for reminding us of Carole Lombard, William Powell and that sublime

    opening sequence, in My Man GodfreyDramaRomanceGuardian readersguardian.co.uk
    © 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds The Federal Communications Commission should require

    sponsors of political advertising to disclose their biggest financial backers to the public, according to a petition

    filed Tuesday by a public-interest law firm.
    Here's the test: How do you feel when you see a large slope planted with English
    8:47 pm
    Cricket: Angelo Mathews to Captain Sri Lanka Cricket Team
    Hawks google sniper review to look out to watch over penny stock egghead this piece of farmland for trouble.
    Soon, it will be parents and umpires monitoring kids pounding cleats on the land Nick Maravell once tilled.
    The change in land use tells a more complex story about school development, particularly at a time when open space The number of security flaws affecting Windows users rose five percent last year and the culprits are overwhelmingly non-Microsoft programs, the latest

    study from information provider Secunia has found.Q
    We have periodic power failures in our area that are a real nuisance.
    Is it practical to install a generator to supply emergency power to

    our home? -- Edward From the American Southwest to the Middle East, water is a highly contested resource: Many neighboring nations, and several states in the United States, have fought decades-long battles to control water supplies.


    And that need for water only seems likely to increase.  “Out in the world, there’s growing demand for fresh water, especially where there is urban development,” says Larry Susskind, the Ford Professor of Urban and Environmental

    Planning in MIT’s Department of Urban Studies and Planning.
    “At the same time, climate change is altering in unexpected ways how much water there is.
    So you have increasing pressures on water supplies

    and thus battles over how water will be allocated.”
    Many of these disputes seem extremely difficult to solve. How, for example, can Israel and its

    neighbors share scarce water supplies? How can there be enough water to supply both populous Southern California and fast-growing Arizona? Such problems are virtually intractable, right? Wrong, according to Susskind.“Water
    is not most usefully thought of as a scarce resource,”

    Susskind says.
    “It’s a flexible resource. It’s not that there’s not enough water. It’s that we waste it and don’t invest in the technologies that would allow us to make more efficient uses of it.
    If you keep thinking water is a scarce resource, you will be locked into battles you don’t need to be locked into.”That notion is central to what Susskind calls “a new approach to water management” in a new book on the subject, Water Diplomacy, co-authored with civil engineering professor Shafiqul Islam of Tufts University and published this month by Resources For the Future, in affiliation with Routledge.
    In the book, Susskind and Islam argue that nations and their leaders need more pragmatic and flexible ways of solving water-supply problems, and offer a new paradigm

    for approaching these issues, which they call the Water Diplomacy Framework (WDF).
    Their aim, Susskind asserts, is nothing less than to “completely change the nature of the conversation among people using the same water resources.”‘If
    you think in zero-sum terms, you will only produce zero-sum solutions’How? For one thing, the authors assert, water supply is

    not just a technical or engineering problem, but must be addressed with an eye to political realities. Indeed, both of the book’s authors have deep backgrounds in diplomacy and negotiating: Susskind is a vice chair of the Program for Negotiation at Harvard Law School, while Islam is the Bernard M. Gordon Senior Faculty Fellow in Engineering, and professor of water diplomacy at the Tufts’ Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy. 
    Water Diplomacy digs into a series of water-resource disputes, in chapters co-written with several graduate students, and lays out the specific principles that Susskind and Islam believe must be interjected into the future of water management.
    Thinking of water as a “flexible resource,” for instance, encourages officials, citizens and other stakeholders to think of ways to conserve or reuse water so the same supply

    can address greater demand.
    Similarly, Susskind says, “water management means dealing with open systems, or water networks, rather than closed systems.” By that, he means that

    too often water management consists of “drawing a line around a watershed, a river, some body of water,” and then divvying up that supply, rather

    than thinking of all the factors that can affect regional supply and demand. In practice, taking a new approach means finding technologies that allow different political entities to use share water more effectively. In the Southwest, where the Colorado River is the essential source of water, New Mexico and Arizona have helped pay for conservation measures in California that allow for more water to be diverted to those smaller states. In the Middle East, Israel and Jordan have a long-running agreement about managing the Jordan

    River: Israel stores water in wet seasons, and both countries look for new ways to manage the supply and demand. Israel, Susskind notes, is also looking for ways to increase its use of desalination plants that could expand the regional supply of water. “That agreement has stood the test of time, even though

    relationships in the region are tough,” Susskind says. Such programs underscore a third principle that Susskind and Islam emphasize. “If you

    think in zero-sum terms, you will only produce zero-sum solutions,” Susskind says. “We think there are value-creating opportunities, non-zero-sum outcomes.”Talking it throughThat is why politics, not just engineering, is such an important part of water management, the authors believe.“Given the scientific complexity, getting a decision with lots of parties means engaging people in something other than shouting matches at public hearings,” Susskind says.
    “It

    means facilitating a

    problem-solving-oriented dialogue

    with a lot of people at the table.
    We know how to do that in other arenas, but we haven’t been committed to doing that in the water arena until relatively recently.”A success story in this vein, Susskind and Islam believe, is California’s CALFED program,

    which over many years has worked out arrangements for sharing water from Northern California’s Sacramento River delta with cities and the agricultural Central Valley. CALFED links dozens of government agencies with scientists, engineers and water consumers to map out policy. “It was the engagement of all those parties

    that made it possible to produce not only an ingenious agreement that reflected a deep understanding of the water systems involved, but also political credibility to the negotiated outcome, because all the people who would have to have a say about it were involved in producing a decision,” Susskind adds.
    Other scholars in the field agree that new perspectives on

    water use are badly needed.
    “What’s innovative about this approach is that it explicitly attempts to include scientific input [along with] a good political process of decision making, which is just as important as any particular decision being made,” says William Moomaw, a professor of international environmental policy at Tufts University’s Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy who has taught classes with Susskind and Islam.
    As for why countries would be willing to try new approaches, Moomaw says, “we’re stuck.
    We can’t go any further with the approach that we’ve had.”
    For their part, Susskind and Islam are attempting to convey the importance of those principles to interested parties worldwide. The book grew out of annual water-diplomacy workshops they host at MIT each summer, funded by the National Science Foundation, which so far have attracted officials from 22 countries.
    The workshops are part of the MIT Science Impact

    Collaborative, a part of the Department of Urban Studies and Planning.
    Moreover, making water available to everyone in the future, they emphasize, will require input from scholars in all disciplines, from science and engineering to the social sciences and humanities. “A great many problems

    in the world that MIT students and faculty want to work on exist at the junction of science, policy and politics,” Susskind says. Scholars, he adds, should

    be “willing to learn how their colleagues in other fields work and think. You cannot succeed in solving the problems in the world unless and until you can put these collaborative efforts together.” Q. We need to replace our water heater and are thinking of getting a tankless, gas-fueled heater. Are the energy savings of tankless heaters worth the extra up-front cost? The District brought this on itself, but a House probe seems hasty when D.C.
    officials are trying to investigate. American Michael Thompson kept his head in gusty winds to win the Honda Classic on Sunday by two shots from Australian Geoff Ogilvy. Trey Anastasio of the band Phish prepares for the opening of his Broadway musical, “Hands on a
    8:45 pm
    Hoping to Save Bees, Europe to Vote on Pesticide Ban
    Sudan and penny stock egghead Sudan moved to reduce the hostilities that penny stock egghead severely weakened both of their economies.
    The Obama administration is likely to reveal a closely guarded secret -- the size

    of the U.S. nuclear stockpile -- during a critical meeting

    starting Monday at which

    Washington will try to strengthen the global treaty that curbs the spread of nuclear weapons, several officials said.The Solar Energy Industries Association reported that the market for solar energy in the United States boomed in 2012, with new installations increasing by 76 percent. Five years ago, a full-page ad blasting Exxon Mobil appeared in the Venezuelan newspaper Ultimas Noticias.
    Drawings of drops of oil went from black at the top of the page to red at the bottom. “Exxon turns oil into blood,” the bold-face text declared. Addressing “Exxtranjero” — the Spanish word for foreigner, with an extra “x” — it used a slogan from the Spanish Civil War

    that roughly translates as “you will not pass.” Read full article >> The multibillion-dollar surge in federal contracting to bolster the nation's domestic defenses in the wake of the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks has been marred by extensive waste and misspent funds, according to a new bipartisan

    congressional report. The death of Hugo Chávez, the Venezuelan leader, of sent a ripple of sadness and uncertainty across Cuba, which has long relied on Venezuela’s hefty oil subsidies. If federal regulators are truly concerned about the quality and independence of home appraisals - a cornerstone of sound mortgage lending - why don't they simply prohibit appraisers from learning the contract price before they perform their assessment of a home's value? Anna Mikusheva receives Elaine Bennett Research PrizePrize recognizes outstanding young women in economics Anna Mikusheva, the Castle Krob Career Development Assistant Professor of Economics, has been awarded the 2012 Elaine Bennett Research Prize

    from the American Economic Association's Committee on the Status of Women in the Economics Profession (CSWEP).
    The prize, conferred every other year to recognize, support and encourage outstanding contributions by young women in economics, was awarded to

    Mikusheva for advancing the field of econometric theory. Mikusheva's research combines econometric theory with tools for tackling problems in applied econometric practices.
    She joins two previous Bennett award winners from MIT: Esther Duflo, the Abdul Latif Jameel Professor of Poverty Alleviation and Development Economics; and Amy Finkelstein, Ford Professor of Economics. "Anna has done outstanding research on empirical methods for macroeconomic data," said Whitney Newey, the Carlton Professor of Economics and head of the Department of Economics. "She solved longstanding problems of inference for non-stationary data and for modern macroeconomic models. She is also an outstanding teacher. This prize is a wonderful recognition of a promising scholar." Full story at MIT SHASS News
    8:43 pm
    Chatterbox: Wednesday
    For penny stock egghead information about socially responsible investment penny stock egghead investors can visit the following Web sites: The winners are John Fabian Witt for “Lincoln’s Code:

    The Laws of War in American History” and W. Jeffrey Bolster for “The Mortal Sea: Fishing the Atlantic in the Age of Sail.”The papal election; Syria’s

    bitterly personal war; pig carcasses and the food supply in China; European leaders insist on austerity; and a new show from an all-male dance company. LONDON - Julian Assange, founder of

    the WikiLeaks Web site, was in negotiations with British authorities late Monday to come out of hiding for what is set to be a high-profile extradition hearing to face criminal allegations in Sweden.
    ISTANBUL, Turkey -- Orthodox Christians around the world celebrated

    Easter Sunday, worshipping at candlelit services from Russia to Ethiopia before gathering

    families for outdoor

    feasts. Recent developments in health and science news and a glance at what’s ahead. VENEZUELA Two foes of Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez who had publicly criticized the socialist government in recent days found themselves in jail this week as part of a crackdown on opposition figures that has prompted alarm about the state of democracy in the oil-rich Latin American country. Researchers looked at brain tumor patients ages 7 to 19, to gauge their risk of getting cancer from cellphones, and found the patients weren't any more apt to be phone fanatics than the control subjects who were cancer-free, according to the news
    8:41 pm
    How we made: The Rocky Horror Picture Show
    MOSCOW — penny stock egghead review authorities, showing no signs of declaring penny stock egghead truce with critics at home or abroad, took a swipe at both Tuesday by ruling that no crime was committed in the death of Sergei Magnitsky, a lawyer whose treatment prompted the U.S.
    Congress to impose sanctions on corrupt officials here. Read full article >> President Obama's proposed 2012 budget recommends a 1.6 percent pay increase for members of the military but keeps intact a two-year pay freeze

    for civilian federal employees.In

    a stunning twist, the motion picture academy turned its back on "Brokeback Mountain," awarding the Oscar for best picture to "Crash." “On Approval,” Clive Brook’s sole directorial effort,

    offers a rare screen glimpse of Beatrice Lillie; Fritz Lang’s “Ministry of Fear” recalls his earlier movies. With officials debating whether to destroy the remaining specimens of the pathogen, here is a look at notable dates in smallpox history: BISHKEK, Kyrgyzstan - Kyrgyzstan's president says her Central Asian nation plans to host a U.S.-funded, anti-terrorism training center. When beams of particles crash into each other at high speeds, the collisions yield hundreds of new particles, most of which fly away from the collision point at close to the

    speed of light. However, the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) team at the LHC found that in a

    sample of 2 million lead-proton collisions, some pairs of particles flew away from each other with their respective directions correlated. “Somehow they fly at the same

    direction even though it's not clear how they can communicate their direction with one another. That has surprised many people, including us,” says MIT physics professor Gunther Roland, whose group led the analysis of the collision data along with Wei Li, a former MIT postdoc who is now an assistant professor at Rice University. A paper describing the unexpected

    findings will appear in

    an upcoming issue of the journal Physical Review B and is now available on arXiv.
    The MIT

    heavy-ion group, which includes Roland and MIT physics professors Bolek Wyslouch and Wit Busza, saw the same distinctive pattern in proton-proton collisions about two years ago. The same flight pattern is also seen when ions of lead or other heavy metals, such as gold and copper, collide with each other. Those heavy-ion collisions produce a wave of quark gluon plasma, the hot soup of particles that existed for

    the first few millionths of a second after the Big Bang. In the collider, this wave sweeps some of the resulting particles in the same direction, accounting for the correlation in their flight paths. It has been theorized that proton-proton

    collisions may produce a liquid-like wave of gluons, known as color-glass condensate.
    This dense swarm of gluons may also produce the unusual collision pattern seen in proton-lead collisions, says Raju Venugopalan, a senior scientist at Brookhaven National Laboratory, who was not involved in the current research. Venugopalan and his former postdoc Kevin Dusling theorized the existence of color-glass condensate shortly before the particle direction correlation was seen in proton-proton collisions.
    While protons at normal energy levels consist of three quarks, they tend to gain an accompanying cluster of gluons at higher energy levels.

    These gluons exist as both particles and waves, and their wave functions can be correlated with each other. This “quantum entanglement” explains how the particles that fly away from the collision can share information such as direction of

    flight path, Venugopalan says. The correlation is “a very tiny effect, but it’s pointing to

    something very fundamental about how quarks and gluons are arranged spatially within a proton,”

    he says.
    The CMS

    researchers originally set out to use the lead-proton collisions as a “reference system” for comparison with lead-lead collisions. “You don't expect quark gluon plasma effects” with lead-proton collisions, Roland says. “It was supposed to be sort of a reference run — a run in which you can study background effects and then subtract them from the effects that you see in lead-lead collisions.”
    That run lasted only four hours, but in January, the CMS collaboration plans to do several weeks of lead-proton collisions, which should allow them to establish whether the collisions really are producing a liquid, Roland says. This should help narrow down the possible explanations and determine if the effects seen in proton-proton, lead-proton and lead-lead collisions are related.
    Brittney Griner scored a Big 12 single-game record 50 points to lead the top-ranked Lady Bears to a victory over Kansas
    8:38 pm
    Military personnel take extreme measures to meet body-fat and weight rules
    Natural wood, with google sniper unique grain patterns, is what google sniper traditional acoustic instruments warm and distinctive sounds, while the power of modern electronic processing provides an unlimited degree of control to manipulate the characteristics of an instrument's sound. Now, a guitar built by a student at MIT's Media Lab promises to provide the best of both worlds. The Chameleon Guitar — so named for its ability to mimic different instruments — is an electric guitar whose body has a separate central section that is removable. This inserted section, the soundboard, can be switched with one made of a different kind of wood, or with a different structural support system, or with one made of a different material altogether.
    Then, the sound generated by the electronic pickups on that board can be manipulated by a computer

    to produce the effect of a

    different size or shape of the resonating chamber.
    Its creator, Media Lab master's student Amit Zoran, explains that each piece of wood is unique and will behave in a different way when it is part of an instrument and begins to vibrate in response to the strings attached to it. Computers can't model all the details of that

    unique responsiveness, he

    says.
    So, as he began experimenting with the design of this new instrument, he wondered "what would happen if you could plug in acoustic information, like we do with digital information on a memory stick?" Under the direction of

    Media Lab Associate Professor Pattie Maes, and with help from experienced instrument builder Marco Coppiardi, he built the first proof of concept version last summer, with a variety of removable wooden inserts. The concept worked, so he went on to build a more polished version

    with an easier quick-change mechanism for switching the inserts, so that a musician could easily change the sound of

    the instrument during the course of a concert — providing a variety of sound characteristics, but always leaving the same body, neck and frets so that the instrument always feels the same. With Coppiardi's help, he selected spruce and cedar for the initial soundboard inserts. This January, he demonstrated the new instrument at the annual Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas, where it received an enthusiastic response. He also demonstrated the earlier version at two electronics conferences last year.
    The five electronic pickups on the soundboard provide detailed information about the wood's acoustic response to the vibration of the strings. This information is then processed by the computer to simulate different shapes and sizes of the resonating chamber. "The original signal is not synthetic, it's acoustic," Zoran says. "Then we can simulate different shapes, or a bigger instrument."
    The guitar can even be made to simulate shapes that would be impossible to build physically.
    "We can make a guitar the size of a mountain," he says.
    Or the size of a mouse. Because the actual soundboard is small and inexpensive, compared to the larger size and intricate

    craftsmanship

    required to build a whole acoustic instrument, it will allow for

    a lot of freedom to experiment, he says. "It's small, it's cheap, you can take risks," he says. For example, he has a piece of spruce from an old bridge in Vermont, more than 150 years old,

    that he plans to use to make another soundboard. The wooden beam is too narrow to use to make a whole guitar, but big enough to try out for the Chameleon Guitar. The individual characteristics of a given piece of wood — what

    Zoran refers to as the "romantic value" of the material, "is very important for the

    player," he says, and helps to give an individual instrument a particular, unique sound. Digital processing provides an infinite range of variety. "Now," he says, "it's possible to have the advantages of both." For now, Zoran is concentrating on developing the guitar as a

    thesis project for his master's degree, and hopes to continue working on it as his doctoral thesis project. After that, he says, he hopes it will develop into a commercial product.
    A version of this article appeared in MIT Tech Talk on February 4, 2009 (download PDF).


    -- --- Higher prices for food are about to get worseThe expedition sets off from Maui in search of competitive groups, large groups of male whales that form frequently at this time of year. MEXICO

    CITY - A high school football star from Texas who went on to become one of the most wanted drug traffickers in Mexico was arrested Monday by federal police.
    PC Joseph Harrington is accused of trying to 'smear' accuser as he tells court teenager was known for assaulting policeA Metropolitan police officer who allegedly stamped on an arrested teenager, leaving him struggling to breathe, has been accused of trying to "smear" the youth as he denied the charges.Prosecutors
    claim PC Joseph

    Harrington, 29, assaulted the boy, then 15, while he was being held in custody days after riots swept the country in 2011.On Wednesday he insisted he restrained the boy only after he became aggressive and suggested the youngster had a history of making false allegations.Harrington said the youth, who cannot be named for legal reasons, left him in "fear" for his safety during a heated confrontation in a caged cell at Forest Gate police station.The
    teenager has told the court how an officer stamped on him then "dropped his whole body" on to his back after apparently recognising him from a confrontation a day or two before.On that occasion, he claims, Harrington put his hands around his neck.Southwark


    crown

    court has heard how the teenager was arrested for a separate matter on 11 August and was taken from Stratford police station, east London, to Forest Gate police station.He was in the caged area near the custody

    suite when Harrington walked in and made reference

    to their previous meeting.The 17-year-old said: "I laughed at him.
    I thought: 'I'm already arrested for something I haven't done, I'm handcuffed, in a police cage, what could get worse?"'He was said to have become verbally abusive before an older policeman grabbed him by his jacket, which ripped.
    Officers dragged him across the floor before Harrington allegedly stamped on his

    back, he told the court.Giving
    evidence in his defence, Harrington dismissed suggestions that he unnecessarily resorted to force."I was sticking to my training and what my experience told me I needed to do," he said. He told the court officers had endured a "very tiring" few days during the riots, when police were subjected to days of abuse.Duncan Atkinson,

    prosecuting, said: "Quite

    simply, Mr Harrington, you had had enough."The
    officer replied: "No, I disagree, sir."Atkinson added: "He posed no

    threat to anyone."Harrington
    replied: "Absolutely not, he put me in fear of being immediately assaulted."He
    said the teenager was known for assaulting police and told the court he believed the youth was also known to have made false allegations.Atkinson said: "Is that something you have just thought up?"He replied: "No sir."The
    prosecutor said: "Are you trying, in any way you can, to smear [him]?""No sir," Harrington replied.Harrington,
    of Walthamstow, east London, denies assault. The trial was adjourned until Thursday.Metropolitan policePoliceCrimeLondonguardian.co.uk © 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies.
    All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds Read part 1: "What can make a dent?" Quick Study: A woman's stress does not seem to affect success of fertility treatments.
    Malaysian forces also led a ground assault on an armed group that has occupied parts of northern Borneo Island for
    Wednesday, July 18th, 2012
    3:08 pm
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